清囤,送神和接神

每年在过农历年前,信众会先清囤然后送灶君和家神回到天庭。但是您知道要怎么清囤,送神和接神吗?

Every year just before Chinese New Year, believers will preform a ceremony to clear the altar and sending of Deities and invite them back. Do you know how these are done?

清囤

每年的清囤日是要在送神前做好。送神日是在每年的十二月廿四日(阳历:2022年1月26日),所以您可以在廿四日前找个好日子来清囤。

辛丑年清囤的好日子(Pre 2022 CNY)

农历阳历相冲
十二月廿二日1月24日
十二月廿三日 1月25日

以上的吉日可供您参考。

清囤的要点

  • 先烧3柱香禀告神,您要清囤。
  • 把香炉和神尊请下。(注意:要准备一张桌子。不可放在地上
  • 用个新的软毛刷子把神尊清理干净。(注意:不可扫神尊的脸,也不可用水
  • 换件新的神袍/披风。
  • 用新的布来清理神桌。
  • 最后把神尊和炉请上神桌,然后在点香禀告清囤完成。

送神和接神

在民俗上,每年的农历十二月廿四日是送灶神和神明(ps各门各法)回天庭向玉皇上帝禀报人间的善恶的日子。这一天,信众会提早准备甜食,鲜果,金纸和送神马来恭送神明回天庭。

接神一般在正月初四举行。信众会准备鲜果,鲜花,年糕,发糕,6种甜食6种斋食和金纸来接神。

送神的时间点

一般送神的时间都是在子时。这是根据「送神早,接神晚」的民俗说法来定于的。

迎神的日期和时间点

一般迎接神明的日期是在正月初四的午时。


Altar Cleansing, Sending of deity and Inviting deity

Each year on the 24th day of 12th lunar month, Chinese believers will prepare the ceremony to send off Kitchen Deity and other Deities back to heaven. Before the sending off ceremony, believers need to preform the cleansing of the altar and the deities statue.

Good day for altar and statue cleansing

Lunar CalendarGregorian calendar Not suitable zodiac
22nd Day of 12th Month24th Jan 2022
23rd Day of 12th Month 25th Jan 2022

The above good day are for your reference.

Step for Cleansing

  • Light up the incense and inform the deity that you are going to perform altar cleansing.
  • Bring down the incense urn and deity (Note: Do not place the urn and deity on the floor.)
  • Clean the deity with a new soft brush.(Note: Do not clean the deity face)
  • Change a new cape / robe for the deity
  • Clean the altar with a new cloth
  • Place back the deity and urn
  • Light up the incense to inform the completion of the ceremony
Lunar Calendar Gregorian calendar Usual timing
Sending off Ceremony24th day of 12th Month26 Jan 202211pm (25 Jan 22) to 1am (26 Jan 22)
Inviting Ceremony 4th day of 1st Month 4 Feb 202211am to 1pm

Prayer items for both ceremonies include, fresh fruit, flowers, niangao ,tiangao and kimzua(joss paper). The joss paper used contains sending off horse and invitation sedan. These two joss paper are not used in daily praying.